year of induction2002
place of birthHowell County, Missouri
date of birthAugust 12, 1927
date of deathOctober 28, 2007
Noted for his onstage jokes, blonde pompadour, rhinestone-studded stage wardrobe, and partnership with Dolly Parton, Porter Wagoner became one of country music's elder statesmen in the 1990s. His eighty-one chart records included several country standards, and his television performing since 1955 culminated in his co-hosting TNN's Opry Backstage for nearly a decade, starting in 1992. In the wake of Roy Acuff's death in November 1992, he became the unofficial spokesman for the Grand Ole Opry.
Wagoner was born in an Ozark Mountain region of Missouri steeped in ancient English balladry. A farm boy, he moved with his family to West Plains, where he married in 1946. He formed the Blue Ridge Boys band and by 1950 was singing over local radio (KWPM) out of a butcher shop where he cut meat.
Wagoner's big break came when Springfield, Missouri, radio station KWTO hired him in 1951. He signed with RCA Records in 1952, but because his early records didn't sell well, Wagoner committed himself to a hard-traveling career of playing schoolhouses for gate proceeds only. His act was billed as the Porter Wagoner Trio, with Don Warden on steel guitar and Herschel "Speedy" Haworth on rhythm guitar.
Wagoner's "Trademark," co-written with Gary Walker, went to #2 for Carl Smith in 1953, and Wagoner's hits penned by other writers, such as "Company's Comin' " (#7, 1954-1955) and "A Satisfied Mind" (#1, 1955) kept him on RCA. Wagoner was an early mainstay on the Ozark Jubilee ABC television show (1955-1956), but he moved to Nashville with his wife and three children in 1956 and joined the Grand Ole Opry the following year.
In 1960 Wagoner was invited by the Chattanooga Medicine Company to front a syndicated television show. Immediately he broadened his act, adding comedian Speck Rhodes, singer Norma Jean, and eventually Buck Trent (banjo), Mack Magaha (fiddle), and George McCormick (guitar). The show featured celebrities such as Tex Ritter and Cowboy Copas, plus newcomers such as Willie Nelson and Waylon Jennings. The program ran an impressive two decades, ending in 1981.
As the TV show's reach expanded into nearly one hundred markets, with over three million viewers, Wagoner ran up a string of hits that included "Misery Loves Company" (#1, 1962), "I've Enjoyed As Much of This As I Can Stand" (#7, 1962-1963), "Sorrow on the Rocks" (#5, 1964), "Green, Green Grass of Home" (#4, 1965), "Skid Row Joe" (#3, 1965-1966), "The Cold Hard Facts of Life" (#2, 1967), and "The Carroll County Accident" (#2, 1968-1969). Unlike some of his colleagues, he utilized but never pandered to the Nashville Sound, and never traded his flashy rhinestone suits for tuxedos. The versatile performer also won three Grammys for sacred recordings with the Blackwood Brothers (1966, 1967, 1969).
In 1967 Dolly Parton replaced Norma Jean in the show's cast and began recording duets with Wagoner, including fourteen Top Ten hits and one #1, "Please Don't Stop Loving Me" (1974). Wagoner was their de facto producer-arranger on thirteen duet albums, and he also supervised Parton's RCA solo output during this same period. While she eventually outshone Wagoner on the charts, he nevertheless prospered from his tireless efforts in building her career. Although Parton's departure from the show in mid-decade led to angry words and legal action, the two eventually resolved their differences.
Wagoner's post-Parton career upheld his innovative, persistently upbeat persona. He brought James Brown to the Grand Ole Opry, produced r&b sessions for Joe Simon, appeared in the Clint Eastwood film Honkytonk Man (1982), and served as an Opryland tourist ambassador in the 1990s. A mainstay of the Opry until his death, he was honored in May 2007 for his fifty years as an Opry member. In collaboration with Marty Stuart, Wagoner recorded a final album, Wagonmaster, that drew rave reviews and feature articles in the New York Times and No Depression. In July, he opened for the White Stripes at Madison Square Garden. Porter Wagoner was elected to the Country Music Hall of Fame in 2002. He is survived by three children, Richard, Debra, and Denise.
- Steve Eng
- Adapted from the Country Music Hall of Fame® and Museum's Encyclopedia of Country Music, published by Oxford University Press.