Brenda Lee

Birth: 12-11-1944 | Birthplace: Atlanta, Georgia

Inducted: 1997

Brenda Lee has proved to be one of the most versatile singers ever to record in Nashville, and her commercial success (as measured by cumulative record sales) is probably second only to Elvis Presley among artists who have recorded heavily in Nashville. A professional singer by the age of six and a recording artist by the age of twelve, she has fashioned a career of uncommon durability that spans more than forty years. In so doing, she has transcended the musical boundaries of pop and country music to earn the awards and respect of fans and peers worldwide.

Born Brenda Mae Tarpley in Atlanta’s Emory University Hospital, she grew up in the Atlanta area. Her musical talent blossomed early, as by age three, she was able to sing songs after only hearing them twice. When she was five, her older sister entered her in a school talent contest, where she won first prize for belting out “Take Me Out to the Ball Game.” Amazed at the big sound coming from such a little girl, this performance led to a regular stint on local radio and television shows.

When Lee was nine, her father died following an accident at a construction site where he was working. After her mother remarried, the family relocated first to Cincinnati and then to Augusta, Georgia. Soon Lee was a star on local television. During this time, the show’s producer decided the name Tarpley was too hard to remember, so he shortened it and christened her Brenda Lee.

With the help of a local DJ, Lee was introduced to Red Foley during February 1956. Foley was so impressed with Lee's talent, that shortly thereafter, the family moved to Springfield, Missouri so Lee could become a regular performer on Foley’s Ozark Jubilee TV show. This led to appearances on network TV shows hosted by Perry Como, Ed Sullivan, and Steve Allen. Dub Allbritten, Foley’s manager, became Lee’s personal manager in 1956 and remained in that position throughout her formative years.

In May 1956, Lee signed with Decca Records and two months later had her first recording session, supervised by Paul Cohen with the assistance of Owen Bradley. It was her third single, the foot stomping, hand clapping “One Step at a Time,” produced in New York by Milt Gabler, that became her first chart record (#15 country, #43 pop, 1957). This marked her only appearance on the country charts for the next twelve years.

Owen Bradley took over Lee's sole producer in 1958 and produced all of her Nashville sessions through 1968. Except for the rock & roll number “Dynamite” (which gave her the enduring nickname Little Miss Dynamite), chart hits eluded her for the next couple years. However, during the interim, Albritten discovered her records were selling in Europe, and she took the opportunity to tour France in February 1959. This was the beginning of international stardom for Lee. Not only was her tour successful, but the following years would find her performing in South America, Australia, Japan, and all through Europe. During the 1960s, she recorded her hits in several European languages.

Lee started hitting the pop charts with regularity in 1959 with the release of the rocking “Sweet Nothin’s” (#4 pop). Owen Bradley changed her course for her follow-up hit and recorded the heartache ballad “I'm Sorry” (#1 pop). The recording’s use of strings not only bridged the gap between country and pop music but became one of the hallmarks of Lee’s sound through the 1960s.

Lee soon became one of the best-selling female singers of the sixties. She could rock with the best of them, but as her voice matured she concentrated on singing heartfelt standards and newly written ballads. Between 1960 and 1973, she had fifty singles on the pop charts, including “I Want to Be Wanted” (#1, 1960), “Fool #1” (#3, 1961), “Break It to Me Gently” (#4, 1962), “All Alone Am I” (#3, 1962), “Too Many Rivers” (#13, 1965), “Coming on Strong” (#11, 1966), and the Christmas classic “Rockin’ Around the Christmas Tree” (#14, 1960).

During the 1970s Lee began experiencing health problems. Along with damaged vocal chords, she had several serious abdominal operations, requiring her to take time off from touring. Even so, Lee had four country chart hits between 1969 and 1972. After teaming up again with Owen Bradley, she broke into the country Top Ten in early 1973 with “Nobody Wins” (#5). She continued with a string of country hits for the next twelve years with songs such as “Big Four Poster Bed” (#4 1974), “He's My Rock” (#8, 1975), and “Broken Trust” (#9, 1980).

In the 1980s Lee served as a television host for Willie Nelson’s Farm Aid benefit concert and as guest host on TNN’s prime-time talk show Nashville Now. She starred in musical theater for three seasons at Opryland USA and served on the board of directors for the Country Music Association (CMA) and the Country Music Foundation (CMF). In addition, she recorded for Warner Bros. Records in the early 1990s and has continued to maintain a regular touring schedule. Truly a legend in her time, Brenda Lee was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1997, and was elected to the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 2002. - Don Roy

- Adapted from the Country Music Hall of Fame® and Museum’s Encyclopedia of Country Music, published by Oxford University Press.